This flexibility is why the Cedar Elm is the most prevalent species of Elm within Texas. They are common throughout the entire San Antonio area. However, you need to care for them properly from the moment you plant them or they’ll struggle to thrive. It is one of the most adaptable trees available, and is an excellent choice for a street site or other restricted site where you need height from a tree. It has been commonly used as a street tree in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care. cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia Photo Locations: Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden - UCLA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, San Antonio Botanic Garden - San Antonio, TX and Arnold Arboretum - … The Cedar Elm, scientifically known as Ulmus Crassifolia, is a very common native Texas tree found across most parts of the state. The cedar elm is native to the North American south. The wood is sometimes used to manufacture wheel hubs, furniture, and fencing. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices Tree Pricing. Cedar Elm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Cedar Elm is a native North American deciduous tree which reaches 50 to 90 feet in height with a spread of 40 to 60 feet and forms a rounded silhouette (Fig. You can obtain seeds from an aged elm, which should be at least 15 years old. Seeds are borne in the fall, which distinguishes this species from the other native elms. It is a tough, adaptable shade tree with excellent drought tolerance and beautiful golden yellow fall color. The Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia, is one of the most common and widespread native trees in Texas. The fruit is a small winged samara8–10 mm long, maturing q… Appear in late summer or autumn as hairy, short-stalked clusters in the leaf axils. For better pruning know about minimum height and width in Cedar Elm Information. Print This Page Cedar Elm. The cedar elm can be grown in urban areas as it can persist in conditions like pollution, … It is an easy tree to care for and makes an excellent shade from the severe Texan summers. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. The cedar elm is one of the most popular trees in Texas. Cedar Elm is the most widespread native elm in Texas. It is a lovely tree that provide nice shade, but it is also very hardy in adverse conditions — tolerating both drought and wet soil. The stiff and rough-textured, dark green Cedar Elm pruning and providing its soil with proper fertilizers is an important part of caring it. The small serrated pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. Cedar Elm Pests. The Cedar elm is a large, rounded tree reaching heights of 50-70 ft. and up to 40-60 ft. wide growing 1.5' to 2.5' annually. Sales tax and tree removals are not included in the minimum tree order amounts. Its leaves are small and rough, and glossy green in the spring. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. The Cedar Elm is a wonderful and hardy native Texas tree. The leaves are small, 2.5–5 cm long by 1.3–2 cm broad, with an oblique base, and distinguish it from Ulmus serotina with which it readily hybridizes in the wild. It grows all over the eastern half of the state, with the exception of the most southern parts. Hard Wood Elms. This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. However, the trees require yearly pruning due to their fast growth, and you should take steps to prevent Dutch Elm Disease, which can kill an otherwise healthy tree. Shop 3.25-gallon cedar elm shade tree in pot (l1416) in the trees section of Lowes.com © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System They like it most along bottom-lands in the vicinity of rivers and creeks but they do just fine on more upland sights as well. The wood is known for its great strength and exceptionally good shock resistance. Also planted widely as a landscape tree. Sign up for our newsletter today and stay up to date on everything Fossil Creek. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. While it prefers the limestone cedar breaks, it does well in heavy clay, compacted soils, and tolerates alkaline or salty soils. The Cedar Elm is native to Texas and grows throughout the Gulf Coastal Plains. We love Cedar Elms because they are a tough, heat-tolerant shade tree that can weather a drought. It produces golden yellow leaves in fall before it sheds them. Also known as Marn elm, this species of elm is a deciduous tree and is one of … Pruning or trimming helps the plant grow faster and stays upright. Elms are potted in early spring before Cedar Elms thrive in an array of environments and can be found near streams/rivers or on dry limestone hills. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more. Cedar Elm is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. The cedar elm is a medium to large deciduous tree growing to 24–27 m tall with a rounded crown. The elm tree is a very hardy species and either starting point, seed or saplings, is sure to grow into a tall, healthy tree. An oval "samara," 0.25" to 0.5" long, the seed centered in the middle of the wing, deeply notched at the tip and hairy all over, especially along the margin. OTHER COMMON NAMES: SHRUB ELM, LIME ELM, TEXAS ELM, BASKET ELM, RED ELM, SOUTHERN ROCK ELM Ulmus crassifolia (ULL-mus krass-ee-FOLE-ee-ah) Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 70 to 90 feet SPREAD: 50 to 60 feet FINAL SPACING: 20 to 40 feet NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Cedar elm exists in the bulk of the eastern half of the state. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. Winged elm (Ulmus alata) has larger leaves and seeds that mature in spring; varieties of Chinese elm (U. parvifolia) have similar leaves, but the bark is distinctly orange and flaky. The Cedar Elm is a tall deciduous tree, reaching over 50 feet in height, with an upright trunk and a vase-shaped crown. Leaf fall is late, often in early winter. Yet it grows large and strong in river valleys along the Brazos and Colorado Rivers, and as far as the Pecos. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. It grows best along the bottom lands of the Guadalupe and Trinity Rivers. The cedar elm serves dual purposes. The wind-pollinated apetalous perfect flowers are produced in the late summer or early fall; they are small and inconspicuous, with a reddish-purple color. But there is no mistaking the beneficial traits of the cedar elm. Cedar elm, Ulmus Crassifolia, is a member of the Elm family, Ulmaceae. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. The Cedar Elm Tree is the most common elm tree in Texas, distributed widely around East, South, and Central Texas. Cedar Elm is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. The Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassifolia) is known by many names like: Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, and Olmo. 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